The long history and the vast area of Iran have led to amazingly variant climatic conditions, cultural attractions, and natural landscapes. That is why Iran is famous as a destination for all four seasons, a land that offers loads of opportunities for all nature and adventure lovers who dream of various thrilling experiences such as climbing, canyoning, skiing, marine activities, and safari.

What is famous in Iran? Well, the best of Iran includes 22 UNESCO Cultural Heritage Sites and two UNESCO Natural Site as well as 13 Intangible Cultural Heritage registered on UNESCO and many more registered on Iran National Heritage List, that has made this country resemble like a live museum for all avid culture lovers, too. And surprisingly there are still more places you can visit!

Iran’s top attractions appeal to many international tourists from all around the world. Most itineraries offer 7 days to a 14-day tour to Iran, and yet they miss many tourist attractions in Iran! As long as you stay here, there is no shortage of Iran tourist attractions and there are places worth visiting.

If you have decided to visit historical places in Iran or Iran’s fascinating sceneries you can trust Iran Doostan Tours Co. We have a good three decades of experience in operating incoming tours to Iran and our professional experts would offer you the best Iran tourist map with reliable itineraries and high-quality services. Regarding a great deal of Iran attractions, we offer a diversity of package tours to Iran ranging from exciting adventure tours such as climbing and bird watching to awesome cultural tours to world heritage sites. MICE tours, safari tours, religious tours, and medical tours to Iran is also among the variety of services we offer.

All you have to do is to get in touch with us through info@idt.com.

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Uraman Takht, Iran

Uraman Takht, A village hidden within a mountain

Uraman Takht might be an old village, but its scenery never fails to surprise any generation. From extraordinary architecture design to beautiful creations of nature. Planning a trip over to Uraman Takht will not disappoint you in any way. Enjoy the locals’ traditional foods by the roaring rivers to wash away the exhaustion off of your body. Trek in the never-ending wonderland of Uramanat forest and let your eyes feast on the beautiful scenery before it. Outstanding nature and historical monuments are an impeccable combination that won’t let you forget them once you come to see them with your own eyes.

History of Uraman Takht

This historical village was formed over forty thousand years ago on the west side of Iran in the heart of Kurdistan Province. Uramanat Village has seen millions of years and a whole lot of history passing by its eyes. Uraman Takht, back in ancient days, was once an enormous city and used to be a capital for kingdoms and empires. The design and architecture of Uraman, besides its customs and culture, prove that this region was once one of the most valuable areas of Iran. There are so many histories and stories behind anything in Uraman Takht that are yet to be discovered.

UNESCO World Heritage Site

Rich in traditional culture, ancient mountainous landscapes, and with the Kurdish tribes living in the mountains, no wonder the Cultural Landscape of Uraman Takht got inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in June, 2021, as the 26th tangible heritage of Iran on the list. For this reason, it led to more popularity among travelers who seek extraordinary attractions and a fascinating place to make memorable memories. Anything about Uraman Takht is unique, from the mountain village to the beautiful nature along the rivers that run down from the hills. If you are also a fan of the perfect combination of nature and architecture, make sure to visit Uraman Takht when the best time come, spring and summer!

Uraman Takht

Uraman Takht was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in June, 2021.

Architecture

If you are visiting Uraman Takht, you probably know about its rare stepped village. The idea behind the architecture was inspired by nature, and it is truly unbelievable how people managed to build this brilliant design back in the day. Building houses on such a steep mountain is an impressive work considering how hard it was for them to build houses made only out of wood and clay. The interesting fact about the design of this stepped village is the way that each roof of the house is the upper house’s yard. On the day of your trip to Uramanat Village, if you’re lucky enough, you will be invited to some of the houses of hospitable Kurdish hosts. And maybe you get to taste a delicious Kurdish meal and carry on the taste with you home, as a tasty souvenir from Uraman Takht.

Nature

You can find one of the most beautiful mountain regions of Iran in Uraman Takht Village. An extensive part of Uramanat surrounded by high mountains makes it a perfect place for nature lovers to spend their time. Let’s not forget about the green and vast forest of Uramanat that you can observe from walking down the hills, which is the best way to please your nature-loving taste. While visiting the village, you will surely notice the two famous roaring rivers, Sirvan and Lyle. Walking alongside these rivers, especially during summertime, is extremely pleasant. Other than the rivers, pay a visit to Zaribar lake. Zaribar is actually a pond, which wasn’t generated from any river. This pond is one of the best sources of fresh water in Iran, and besides, it is also a great tourist attraction for those who want to have a fun time by the delightful freshwater of Zaribar lake. If you are looking for something more adventurous, you can always try trekking in the thrilling forests of Uramanat.

Zaribar lake - Iran

Zaribar lake is one of the best sources of fresh water in Iran, near Uramanat in Kurdistan.

The Best Time to Visit Uraman Takht

For travelers who like to visit Uraman Takht when the weather is mild and pleasant, mid-April to early October is the best time, although the days may get a little bit hot from July to September. From November to March, however, the weather is cold due to rain and snow falls. During this time, the village has a spectacular snowy view. Therefore, it is an incredible opportunity for photographers and those who enjoy winter climbing to plan their trip over Uraman Takht.

old cafes-Iran

Old cafes in Iran, Nostalgia in modern life

Many people believe that nothing but nature brings people closer to themselves. But they are wrong. Today, you can sit in a cozy corner where no one is bothering you and enjoy your cool drink or a cup of coffee. So, you can get rid of all the hustle and bustle for a while. There are old cafes in Iran where people get together to discuss art, literature, music, or their favorite topics or simply enjoy a peaceful environment to relax. Here are some of the old cafes in Iran well-knwon for their outstanding features.

Naderi café, love and poem

If you like to sit on Polish chairs with dishes that have memories from the past; and breathe in an atmosphere where a part of the Iranian intellectual history has taken place, you should visit Naderi Cafe. Naderi Cafe in Tehran is located east of the College Bridge in Jomhouri Street (formerly Naderi). The Cafe dates back to 1927. At that time, an Armenian immigrant named “Khachik Madikians” traveled to Iran and established a café to show his skills in managing café and to create a hangout for intellectuals. It still exists after 50 years! Some people enjoy sitting on old chairs and being in the nostalgic atmosphere of this cafe, which was once a place for unique literary figures. Sometimes the visitors are contemporary poets and writers.

Naderi Cafe

The 50 year-old Naderi Cafe

Do you know Iranian poets and writers? Famous figures such as Nima Yoshij, Sadegh Hedayat, Ahmad Shamloo, Forough Farrokhzad, Bozorg Alavi, Houshang Ebtehaj, Siavash Kasraei, Fereydoun Moshiri, Jalal Al-Ahmad, Simin Daneshvar, and many others chose this cafe for their getting together. They used to sit on the brown chairs, read the newspaper, drink coffee, and have political and literary discussions. Also, they created memorable works there. The interesting thing is that everyone had their place in this cafe, which remained empty even in their absence. By visiting, you will see chairs that are reserved forever.
The Naderi collection consists of three main sections. In the middle of the building is a pastry that has been closed for several years. Naderi Café and Restaurant also consist of two separate halls that are adjacent to each other; and have a total capacity of 140 people. The first hall is for cafes and the second hall is served as restaurant.
This cafe has a beautiful decoration. As you sit in that 100-year-old polished chair and wait for your coffee to arrive, you can browse through the memories of framed photos on the wall and its old cups. Today the café is run by Khachik Madikian’s grandchildren. Also, all waiters are 40- to 50-year-old Armenian men. It is interesting to know that the oldest waiter of the Cafe is called “Eshghi” who always has a soda opener in his pocket, and whenever you want to open your soda, he is at your service! Also, one of the famous Iranian serials called Shahrzad has been recorded here.

Diamond Cafe, a classic mood

Once upon a time, there was an old photography studio with classical architecture on Ostad Nejatollahi Street (former villa) for a long time. But now, thanks to the efforts of some tasteful young people, it has become one of the most popular cafes in Tehran.
Diamond Cafe is located in an old building of the same name, considered cultural heritage, and retains its old texture. The cafe has a two-story building and a large courtyard where customers can use any of them to their liking. In designing the environment, they tried to combine traditional and modern architecture and maintained the classic spirit of the space while modern interior design. The cafe’s lighting is also professional and uses three lighting models. There are also shrubs in the yard to keep the feeling of greenness and vitality alive in the yard. Smoking is allowed both in the yard and on the second floor, and you can safely free your mind from anxiety and troubles.

Diamond Cafe-Tehran

Diamond Cafe, A cozy place you will love!

If you are a fan of coffee, be sure to try it here. Diamond Cafe coffees are 100% Arabica, and you can taste the original taste of coffee. Latte, mocha, and Americano are some drinks in this cafe that we suggest you try them with delicious cakes and waffles. If you like cold and stylish drinks, exciting choices are waiting for you. Among the special fruit drinks in this cafe, we can mention Rambutan. The high quality of raw materials and professional baristas also makes the drinks of Diamond Cafe excellent.
Do you care about breakfast? Omelets and English breakfast are great choices to start an amazing and energetic morning. Besides the unique taste and quality, the beauty of the food design can be seen in all orders of Diamond Cafe. Our other recommendation is to try plates of pasta. Overall, Diamond Café is an excellent place for group and friendly get-together.

Masoudie Cafe, a cafe in a mansion

Masoudie Cafe is placed inside the majestic and old Massoud mansion. It is one of the most beautiful historical mansions in Tehran. This cafe is in Baharestan Square and Ekbatan Street.
This mansion was the palace of a prince who was not destined to become king. Massoud Mirza was the son of Nasser al-Din Shah, who took the title of Zel-o-Sultan from his father and became the ruler of Isfahan. But later, he disputed with the king for some reason and stayed away from the monarchy. In 1290 AH, he ordered the construction of a mansion on a land of 4,000 square meters on Mellat Street in Tehran.
The main area of ​​the Masoudie mansion consists of two parts, east and west, which are separated by a lattice wall. When you enter the courtyard, the columns and the ceiling, and the stained glass will attract your attention. There is a large rectangular pool in front of each mansion and beautiful and fragrant flowers in the courtyard.

old cafes in Iran

old cafes in Iran: Masoudie mansion

Where is the cafe? Inside the mansion, there is a cozy cafe with its old Ghajari decor called Masoudie Cafe. It brings the picture of traditional Iranian houses into your memory. Here the food is as delicious as the grandmother’s cooking! This beautiful and pleasant cafe offers a variety of hot and cold drinks. Do not miss the traditional drinks with herbal essences. Also, Turkish coffee is recommended, and be sure to try the apple pie! A variety of traditional Iranian dishes are also served here, including cutlets, Kookoo Sabzi, Mirza Ghasemi, Omelet, and Ash Reshte. If you are one of the people who spend a high price for good quality and enjoyable environment, you will like Masoudiyeh Cafe.

Chai Bar Cafe

Chai Bar Cafe is among the old cafes with nostalgic environment that will acquaint you with the traditional historical sense. The Kolahfarangi mansion is a magnificent mansion in ​​Andarzgoo street , which was once a place for entertainment to Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar. So now, Chai Bar Cafe is located in this mansion, among the beautiful and historical garden of the Iranian Calligraphers Association. About the appearance, the outer facade of the building is made of bricks. The windows are decorated with tiles in the style of traditional architecture.
Inside the mansion, however, you will find a warmer atmosphere. All the walls are white. The ceiling is solid green, and old chandeliers hung from it. Dark brown wooden tables and chairs set inside the café. Customers can look at the green space outside through the magnifying windows. If you prefer to sit outside, it is located right in the middle of the garden. The sycamore trees growing in the heart of the grass greet you and provide a shade of coolness for you to relax. The tables and chairs are made of metal, and cushions are placed for help on their backs.
Do you love tea? Tea is Iranians’ favorite drink! This cafe is one of the few old cafes that serves more than 100 types of tea. Drinking tea in special Iranian cups is always a reason for family-friendly meetings and conversations. In addition to tea, coffee, liqueurs, syrups, and delicious snacks are also available. You can try different types of sandwiches such as steaks, falafel rolls, or kebabs for snacks.
A combination of traditional and modern styles in the design of Chai Bar cafe fascinates every viewer. Also, you can visit Visual Arts Gallery (Art Center). The cozy and pleasant environment makes you spend a happy and relaxing day in this cafe.

Tasua and Ashura

Traveling to Iran during Muharram

Muharram, the first month of lunar year for Muslims, accompanies some rituals and religious practices all around Iran. The Day of Ashura is the most important religious holiday in Iran and if you happen to be in Iran on this special day, you will experience a different atmosphere in the country. Iranian people commemorate Karbala Battle in Iraq which occurred 1400 years ago between Prophet Muhammad’s grandson, Imam Hussein, and the king of Iraq at the time. Muharram in Iran would be a unique cultural experience for every tourist; most tourist attractions are closed on two days of tasu’a and Ashura, though there are things to do and places to visit on these two days. Here is the guide to what to do and expect during Muharram in Iran.

Ta’zieh: A UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage

Ta’zieh is a type of performance art, a drama narrating the story of the brave war and martyrdom of Imam Hussein and his family and friends in Karbala. Ta’zieh was registered on UNESCO’s List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2010. This performance embraces four components of poetry, music, song and motion. It is performed only by men and women’s role are also played by men. Many men and women are gathered to watch this graceful play on the Day of Ashura and you are recommended to go for this Iranian performance if you happen to experience Muharram in Iran.

 

Manners and dress codes

Muharram and particularly the Day of Ashura are based on religious culture, therefore, you are expected to show respect for the sorrow of Iranian people on this day. You may see many Iranians wearing black in mourning of their Imam (religious leader). Wearing black is the most representation of grief for a dead person in Iranian culture. Although you are not expected to wear black as a tourist, just an acceptable covering of your body and hair for women is appreciated. Laughing loudly in the public may also be frowned upon.
One of the rituals of Muharram is the free food many houses and mourning groups share in the street; you are welcomed to have as much free food as you wish among these groups. In case you see one of these groups only ask for some food and they will offer you wholeheartedly. It is widely believed among Muslims that the food cooked for Imam Hussein contains spiritual value and that is why you should not be embarrassed to ask for it.

The best places to visit Ashura memorial event in Iran

Every city in Iran and every region has is own rituals for mourning. Hence, there are places that have developed a kind of glorious rituals practiced by local people.

Muharam in Iran-Yazd

Yazd province has a particularly remarkable ritual in Muharam.

These top places and the location include:

Khaneye Honarmandan Iran, Tehran

Iranshahr, Forsat St.Taleqani St., Tehran, Iran.

Amir Chakhmaq Complex, Yazd

Nakhl-Gardani ceremony in Ashkezar during Ashura mourning. Amir Chakhmaq Complex, Yazd, Iran

Hosseinieh Ghasem Ibn- Alhussein, Natanz, Iran

Hosseinieh Ghasem Ibn- Alhussein, Natanz, Iran

Taziyeh Nooshabad, Kashan

Nooshabad, Kashan, Iran

For any inquiry about traveling to Iran, please contact us via info@idt.ir.

winter-destinations-Iran

Best winter destinations in Iran

Iran is known as the land of four seasons due to its special geographical location. You can have travel plans in every season. Most people plan travel to Iran in spring and summer. But this time we suggest you travel once in the winter. Here are the best winter destinations in Iran you can experience.

Persian Gulf Islands

Kish

Many people may think that Kish Island is not suitable for recreation in winter due to its location. But you are wrong! Kish is among the best winter distentions in Iran, particularly if you are into water sports. Diving is one of the best pastimes you can have in Kish! In winter, the seawater is cleaner and more beautiful to see colorful aquatic animals. Another new entertainment is Flyboard and Jet flyer. Using jet skiing, these two devices allow you to fly above the water! Cycling and motorcycling are also waiting for you on the island’s coastline. You can rent a bicycle or motorbike from different stations and discover the island. You can walk in the beach for hours and pass through places and see the sights of Kish Island.

Qeshm Island

Qeshm is one of the largest magnificent islands in Iran, which attracts many tourists every year. Qeshm has both exciting water and air entertainment. Among its water activities, diving can be mentioned. You can dive around the Lark or the Hormuz Island. It would be a different experience which is no less than exploring the Titanic! You can rent a boat to visit the Mangrove forests of Qeshm and the Stars Valley. Another water sport you can experience is parasailing and going to the heights of the sky over the Persian Gulf! Qeshm Island has lots of entertainment like Kish Island and can amuse you for hours and even days.

Qeshm-IRan

Qeshm Island, Iran.

Hormoz Island

You can experience swimming and diving on the island of Hormuz. There are many motorboats that you can use to go sightseeing around the island. Hormoz has stunning natural attractions, and the most important of them is its colorful soil. Walking on the colorful beach of Hormoz Island will surely be your most different experience of walking by the sea. There are also bike paths for travelers, and you can do sports. It is interesting that natural events such as the migration of turtles and birds also occur in winter and are very attractive and spectacular, which will undoubtedly bring you an exciting adventure.

Iran: Heaven of skiers

Dizin ski resort

The pleasure of snow and cold takes many people to the foothills of the Alborz Mountains, the most popular winter destinations in Iran. Dizin is one of the most important ski slopes in Iran and the Middle East. You can experience snow skiing and snowboarding on a 7.5 km route. Dizin is not only for athletes and skiers, but also families can go and enjoy spending time in winter nature. In a part called fun Park, there is a tube riding on snow. The presence of snow sculptures, music, and tea and coffee facilities provide a space suitable for family and friends. Also, snowy mountain landscapes are good opportunities to take unique photos.

Winter destinations in Iran- Dizin ski resort

Dizin is one of the most important ski slopes in Iran.

Shemshak ski resort

Shemshak is the Alps of Iran, a city with wooden huts and a ski slope built in the foothills around Tehran. Exercise, photography, hot drinks and Persian food along with a snowy landscape brings young and old here. Shemshak is the largest ski slope in Iran after Dizin. The height of the Shemshak ski slope reaches 3050 meters at the highest point and 2550 meters above sea level at its lowest point. One of the most attractive features of this place is the lighting a night which has made skiing a midnight possible for skiers.

Abali ski resort

Abali, the oldest ski slope, is one of the recreational complexes of Tehran. It is the first place where lifting machines were placed in 1332. Its snow melts later than other places, so it is a good place for skiing! If you do not know how to ski, you can still do snowboarding, tube riding, photography, mountaineering, horseback riding, and play tennis in this area. The interesting point about Abali is its similarity to Tochal in terms of size and height. It is located 57 km from Tehran and has relatively easy access. This feature makes it more crowded than other ski slopes. If you visit here, do not forget to drink Abali Doogh. This Iranian drink is delicious and worth a try.

The best winter destinations in Iran: Deserts

The Lut desert

The Lut desert is a vast region in the southeastern part of Iran, located between South Khorasan, Kerman, and Sistan-o-Baluchestan. You may think that the desert has just a scorching heat, but it is not. Actually, deserts, like other places, have their unique beauties and can be considered among the best winter destinations. There are some attractions there such as Kalout Shahdad, Kal-e-Shor River, Gandum Beriyan for your visit. The wind in the desert seems obvious, but the water is a little strange! One of the wonders of the Lut Desert is the existence of permanent and seasonal rivers in it. Kal-e- shour is the most important river here, the water of which is acidic due to crossing the desert, and it is dangerous to touch. One of the most beautiful and unique sights is its night sky. Starry nights are the astonishing sights of creation that can easily surprise you.

The Shahdad desert

The Shahdad desert is a part of the Lut desert and is located on its western side. The sands of Shahdad, along with its tall clumps, are one of the most beautiful parts of the desert. Hiking on soft and warm sands is very enjoyable for tourists. This place has facilities such as safari, camel riding, and motorcycle riding with four wheels. The Shahdad Desert is a large area that is divided into three zones by Environmental Organization. These three zones are marked with green, orange, and red. The green zone is an area that is not dangerous for visitors to visit; but if you enter the red and orange areas without a guide, you will surely get lost.

Shahdad-desert

Shahdad Desert is well known for its giant structures which have been formed by natural erosion.

The Mesr desert

The Mesr desert is one of the most famous deserts in Isfahan province and has a gorgeous and unique nature. A deep well has been dug in the heart of this desert, which has created vegetation. One of the most prominent sights of the Mesr desert is the “Salt Lake.” The meaning of a lake in the desert is different from what you have in mind! Another spectacular attraction of this place is “Neizar Mesr”. This section, with reeds and surrounded by sand, is located 6 km northeast of the Mesr village. It is the best place for photography. Also, you will have a chance to enjoy walking on soft sand here too.

The Rig-e-Jen desert, Bermuda Triangle of Iran

The Rig-e-Jen Desert in Semnan is known as one of the most challenging places for adventurers, and also for its swamps are dangerous. The triangular shape and its dangers have caused this desert to be called the Bermuda Triangle of Iran. It is famous for its mystery. According to locals, many have traveled to this desert and never returned. If you do not have the experience of desert tour, do not choose the Rig-e-Jen Desert for your first trip. It is even better to travel in a group. But sleeping on the sand and gazing at meteors removes all of your daily fatigue.

winter destinations in Iran - deserts

Popular winter destinations in Iran: Deserts.

The Maranjab desert

The Marnjab desert is one of the other deserts in Isfahan province. It is the best desert hiking option for sand lovers and among the most popular winter destinations in Iran. Hiking among the high dunes and the salt lake is one of the prominent attractions of the Marnjab desert. For accommodation and relaxation, you can use the Shah Abbasi Caravanserai. This place was once a resort for traders who traveled to distant lands via the Silk Road. In the Maranjab desert, you can also enjoy a safari, camel riding, four-wheeled motorcycles, star observation at night, and night tourism.

If you have a plan for traveling to Iran at this time of the year or any other time, we would welcome any inquiry you may have, please do not hesitate to contact us at info@idt.ir.

Uraman Takht - Iran UNESCO-Listed Heritage

UNESCO inscribed Uraman on the list of world heritage sites

Uraman Takht, the undercover gem in the heart of Iranian Kurdistan embraces a unique history, architecture, culture, and people. UNESCO has added this outstanding village to the list of world cultural heritage sites. The number of Iranian cultural word-heritage sites has now reached 26 and we hope to have much more sites of such a culturally rich country on the UNESCO list.
This gorgeous village is a historical one which was formed over forty thousand years ago. In addition to the long history of the village, stone tools of the primitive cavemen and the bones of the hunted animals, that are thousands of years old, have been found around in this region. There are loads of stories and myths among the local people representing that the area was once one of the significant regions of the country during history.
As a stepped village, Uraman’s construction is inspired by nature, the houses have been built on a steep mountain in a way that come to amaze many visitors. The roof of one house is the upper house yard! The architectural design of Uraman represents one of the best practices of ecologically-friendly, nature-connected design.
And finally, surrounded by high mountains and never-ending greenery landscapes the region offers a fascinating scenery. However, as you walk into the village what you will be impressed by Kurdish people kindness and hospitality. Kurdish people with their colorful special costume will invite you to a super tasty local food, a tea, and a friendly gap. This is most probably what you are going to remember from your trip. we would welcome any inquiry you may have about traveling to Iran, please do not hesitate to contact us at info@idt.ir.

Congratulations on this achievement to the local people of Uraman who are the guardians of this legacy. We believe this cultural heritage would never exist without you.

Trans-Iranian-Railway

Trans-Iranian Railway Inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage

The Trans-Iranian railway was inscribed as UNESCO world heritage in July, 2021. This is the longest railway on the list of UNESCO, and Iran’s first industrial heritage that has been recognized for its “outstanding universal value”. The number of Iran’s UNESCO-listed tangible cultural heritage has now reached 25.

The construction of the railway dates back to 1927, connecting Tehran to Bandar Torkaman Port on the Caspian Sea in the north of Iran and Imam-Khomeini Port on the Persian Gulf in the south of Iran. The length of this north-south railway is 1394 kilometers. However, the prominence of this railway in Iran is more than connecting north of this vast land to the south! It is considered a turning point in Iran’s history, since its construction is regarded as the start of modernism and development in Iran during the past century. Outstanding technical features and quality of this railway, and the fascinating landscapes it passes through has made it a unique cultural heritage. we would welcome any inquiry you may have about traveling to Iran, please do not hesitate to contact us at info@idt.ir.

chogha-zanbil

Chogha Zanbil, the pyramids of Iran

What do you know about the first historical monument from Iran registered in UNESCO? Iran is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, governed by many rulers and kingdoms. Today we can see historic constructions and religious temples from different periods in Iran. Religious buildings have always been a great attraction to tourists. Here, we are going to introduce a Ziggurat named Chogha Zanbil which is a glorious monument of the past.

Location and History

Chogha Znabil Ziggurat is located in Susa city, Khuzestan province, which is 115 km away from Ahvaz. Historically, the construction of this building dates back to 1250 BC. After entering the city, you can follow the signs along the way to reach the Ziggurat of ChoghaZanbil and visit it. But, what are the Ziggurats? Ziggurats were respected and sacred buildings to people of that time, and they prepared the best materials, including bricks and clay, to build such structures.
How old is Chogha Zanbil? A glance into its history indicates that it was built during the Ontash Napirash, the king of the Elamites. The discovery of the construction is also an interesting story. At that time, a geologist named Jacques Demorgan began drilling for oil around Susa, but after a while, he found the ancient bricks and sent them to archaeologists. Years later, archaeological excavations led to the discovery of Choghaznabil.

Architecture

As we mentioned, Chogha Zanbil was once buried under the ground. That is why we observe it in the form of a hill. In the structure of the Chogha Zanbil, a pyramidal and stepped architecture is evident; It is made of several floors and has dozens of nested corridors and rooms. The area around the building is paved to give an excellent view. You can see circular platforms in the northeastern, northwestern, and southwestern parts of this building. There are sundials built to detect time and seasons. The interior of the building is made of clay, and the exterior wall is made of brick. Bricks are used to protect the clay from erosion. They are all baked, and inscriptions are written on them. This place has three zones marked by fences, and visitors can enter the first one.

Chogha-Zanbil-architeture

Chogha Zanbil, a pyramidal and stepped architecture in Susa, Iran.

One of the wonders of Chogha Znabil is the water supply system in this ancient temple. The waterways have been developed along the entire building to protect it from the torrential rains of Khuzestan. Also, the four corners of the Ziggurat are in the direction of the four geographical directions, and this shows that the builders knew the north, south, east, and west well.

Mysteries

There are stories and secrets behind every historical and religious place. It would be a good idea to read the mysteries about the Chogha Zanbil. The people of ancient Elam believed that Ziggurats were a bridge that took men to heaven and brought them closer to the gods step by step. On the other hand, some supposed that gods came to the Earth from heaven with the help of the Ziggurats. That is why the building has stepped architecture.
In ancient times, people believed in several gods. The people of ancient Elam accepted that many gods controlled and ruled the world and that every city had a god who was in charge of protecting it. People built temples for the gods in the city center. But inside the Ziggurat of Choghazanbil, statues of the Inshushinak and Napirisha gods were kept. During the festivities, many gifts were given to the gods by the people.
There are more interesting facts about this ziggurat. As we said, the ground around the ziggurat has been paved. Archaeologists have found traces of a child’s foot on some parts of the paving, the cause of which is still unknown. It is scary and exciting at the same time! Evidence suggests that the Choghaznabil ziggurat was seized and destroyed by Assyrian Banipal before it was completed. He stated in an inscription:” I broke the ziggurat of Susa, which was glazed with azure bricks. I razed the temples of Elam to dust. I turned Susa into a ruin. The human voice and joy were destroyed by me.”
Have you ever noticed the shape of the building? The ziggurat is square. Because the number four is considered sacred in numerical architecture. It is inspired by four main directions, four seasons, and four elements of nature.

The best time to visit Chogha Zanbil:

You can visit Susa from late March to the end of April. You can travel to Chogha Zanbil Ziggurat by car or tour; since no trains, buses, taxis pass through it. October to April is the best time to visit the ziggurat. If you want to tour on a sunny day, it may be best to bring an umbrella with you. Wearing light-colored sleeves will help you withstand the heat better. Consider the early hours of the day to visit so that the heat does not bother you. we would welcome any inquiry you may have about traveling to Iran, please do not hesitate to contact us at info@idt.ir. You are also recommended to visit other places in Susa like the historical castle of Susa, the Apadana Palace, and the Shrine of Daniel the Prophet (PBUH).

world wildlife day - Iranian Cheetah

World Wildlife Day: Forests and livelihoods as 2021 theme

World Wildlife Day is celebrated annually on March 3rd; the United Nation has announced “Forest and livelihoods: sustaining people and planet” as 2021 theme to celebrate the day by focusing on the livelihoods of the communities which are highly dependent on the forests and also the significance of these precious ecosystems for the endurance of animals and human beings on Earth.
Covering an area of one-third of the land surface on the Earth, forests play a remarkable role in human livelihoods and well-being. It has been proved that where there is forest, there is also a concentration of tribal people or rural populations relying on these forests. Besides that, it is not only local peoples’ livelihood that relies on forests, these rich ecosystems are home to a variety of flora and fauna species, they are considered a pre-requirement to the survival of biodiversity on the Earth.
As it appears, forests have been prone to many threats during past decades due to the drastic change of climatic conditions, global warming, bush fire as a result of the rise in the temperature, and changing rainfall patterns. Our planet Earth has also been suffered from deforestation accompanying economic development in many countries. Given that forests are vital to animals’ and humans’ life and well-being, particular attention should be paid to the preservation of these natural sources and the first step toward mitigating forests is turning to green growth strategies. As the 2021 theme suggests, making use of the local knowledge would be a possible remedy toward sustaining forests and saving all lives on the Planet.
On world wildlife day, we believe the travel and tourism industry could best contribute through developing sustainable tourism in the rural areas making use of the local communities, making tourists learn rural living standards, and apply them as far as possible. On this special day, you may be surprised to know that Iran owns forests as old as dinosaurs! and we do our best to keep these amazing ecosystems of the Mother Nature. we would welcome any inquiry you may have about traveling to Iran, please do not hesitate to contact us at info@idt.ir. We will come back to you soon.

Isfahan - Iran

Isfahan among the 52 popular travel spots in 2021 for the second year in a row

New York Times has recently published a post on 52 popular spots chosen by people in 2020. Since 2020 was a dark year for many people around the world, NYTimes has surveyed which destinations were most delightful, comforting, and inspiring most to travelers and honorably Isfahan is among the 52 suggestions out of 2000 choices to remind us that Iran is a worthy destination to visit. This is the second year in a row that the city has been selected as a popular travel spot by travelers.
Neeknaz Abari, who is raised in Washington explains her vivid memories of visiting Iran:

… the smiling, chattering taxi drivers with their endless questions about America and their playful jabs at my accent; the winding alleyways that reveal hidden nooks and crannies in the Grand Bazaar. “

She tries to give us a true image of a destination that is constantly attacked by the mass media as a dark one! However, many travelers who have visited this country believe that Iran is a safe country for travelers, Iranians are known for their warm-heartedness and hospitality that is why guests often enjoy their trip and as many would say, they will pay a second visit if they get the chance.
The lovely city of Isfahan which is also known as the Turquoise Jewel of Iran, due to the nice blue tile works applied in its historical attractions, has once been the capital of Iran in history; today, it is home to numerous architectural wonders including the UNESCO-listed Naqsh-e Jahan Square where tourists take the time to stroll around, chatting the local people and enjoying the atmosphere.
However, this is not all about Isfahan! There is a lot you would not want to miss, this gorgeous city awaits you in 2021.

Enjoy watching a short video of Isfahan, Iran.

saffron harvesting

Saffron harvest season in Iran

By early November, many farmworkers including women and men are getting involved in the intricate process of saffron harvest, a product also known as the “Red Gold”. Planting this purple flower and harvesting its precious product has a long history in Iran and the country is considered the first producer of saffron with 350 tones a year.

saffron harvest

Planting this purple flower and harvesting its precious product has a long history in Iran.

There are loads of tips and tricks in cultivating saffron from selecting the crocus for cultivation, proper soil, water, and weather to picking the lovely flowers and drying the stigmas to keep the high quality.

Saffron harvest is the most difficult and at the same time the most sensitive stage of saffron cultivation. The harvesting stage includes picking flowers and separating the stigma from the flower. The life of the flowers is usually between 3 to 4 days and if they are not picked in time, they will be rotted. If you have a plan for traveling to Iran at this time of the year or any other time, we would welcome any inquiry you may have, please do not hesitate to contact us at info@idt.ir.
Saffron grows in arid and subtropical regions. However, it grows better in areas with moderate climates, dry summers, and mild winters. If the flowers are exposed to hot weather, wind, and sunlight for a long time, the color quality and aroma will be reduced, the time of harvesting and drying condition will also strongly affect the quality of saffron, the flowered are usually picked early in the morning when flowers are still buds or semi-opened so that the stigmas are less damaged. Today, saffron is among the most luxurious souvenirs of Iran.

Enjoy watching this amazing video of harvesting and drying saffron in Iran.