The long history and the vast area of Iran have led to amazingly variant climatic conditions, cultural attractions, and natural landscapes. That is why Iran is famous as a destination for all four seasons, a land that offers loads of opportunities for all nature and adventure lovers who dream of various thrilling experiences such as climbing, canyoning, skiing, marine activities, and safari.

What is famous in Iran? Well, the best of Iran includes 24 UNESCO Cultural Heritage Sites and two UNESCO Natural Site as well as 13 Intangible Cultural Heritage registered on UNESCO and many more registered on Iran National Heritage List, that has made this country resemble like a live museum for all avid culture lovers, too. And surprisingly there are still more places you can visit!

Iran’s top attractions appeal to many international tourists from all around the world. Most itineraries offer 7 days to a 14-day tour to Iran, and yet they miss many tourist attractions in Iran! As long as you stay here, there is no shortage of Iran tourist attractions and there are places worth visiting.

If you have decided to visit historical places in Iran or Iran’s fascinating sceneries you can trust Iran Doostan Tours Co. We have a good three decades of experience in operating incoming tours to Iran and our professional experts would offer you the best Iran tourist map with reliable itineraries and high-quality services. Regarding a great deal of Iran attractions, we offer a diversity of package tours to Iran ranging from exciting adventure tours such as climbing and bird watching to awesome cultural tours to world heritage sites. MICE tours, safari tours, religious tours, and medical tours to Iran is also among the variety of services we offer.

All you have to do is to get in touch with us through info@idt.ir.

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Zoorkhaneh, The House of Strength

Zoorkhaneh is the house of strength, not only for the body but also for the soul and spirit. An ancient traditional Iranian sports club, dating back to the Zoroastrianism and Mithraism era (almost 700 years ago) where the athletes train rigorously with live music playing with Zarb (Persian drum) and poems of Shahnameh, the masterpiece epic book of Ferdowsi (ancient Iranian poet).

Zoorkhaneh Origin

As claimed by some people, the idea of zoorkhaneh began during the Arab invasion of Persia in the 7th century and led to the establishment of a secret society to liberate Persia. Young Persian males gathered in a place they called the zoorkhaneh and performed a ritual that included strenuous physical activities, weight lifting, and martial arts. Pahlevani and zourkhaneh rituals is the name inscribed by UNESCO for varzesh-e pahlavāni.

In the beginning, the zoorkhaneh was organized for political reasons; however, in the modern day, it is a gymnasium, sporting arena, and meeting house for male Iranian athletes. Zoorkhaneh Athletes were considered nobles in terms of the ranking after the reverends. And those who knew the ways of combat were highly respected by the public. These gymnasiums can be found in almost every Iranian city or town and even in neighboring countries like Afghanistan, Iraq, and Azerbaijan.

Zoorkhaneh in Iran

In the Iranian Culture, Zoorkhaneh is a sacred place where physical activity is combined with art and literature. Having a strong morality, devotion, and honorary manner is as important as having a strong body. The ritual is taken place in a building shaped as a dome with an octagonal recessed arena (Gowd) surrounded by terraced seats. The entrance door is short therefore when entering, everyone must bow their head to respect this place and people.

“Persian meels” are huge wooden clubs used for physical preparation for fights.

The Architecture of Zoorkhaneh

The interior structure of the house is built like the classical architecture of Persia with Aina-Kari (covering the wall with a mosaic of mirror-glass) as well as the portrait of Ali (the son-in-law of Prophet Mohammed) hanged on the wall. Before and after every session, the members pray upon Ali as a memory of him. Athletes (Bastankars) wear a special attire representing the ancient archeological Persian nobles and warriors, a tight leather breech without shirts.

The Traditional Music

Zoorkhaneh has its music, exercises, and equipment. An elder man, Morshed, or the master (Pishkesvat) who leads the ritual chants verses from the Shahnameh, evokes a sense of heroism and exhilaration within the members. With the sound of drumbeats and the clanging of a bell, the beautiful ritual commences.

Etiquette of Zoorkhane

Athletes of ten to twenty men stand around the arena (Gowd) to warm up and later perform exercises using metal shields (sang), chains that are simple iron weights (kabbadeh), and wooden Persian mils, followed by a Sufi-like whirling and juggling to build strength and stamina. The members move together with the drum beats of a goblet drum called Zarb.

The Morshed sits above the arena, a place called (sardam), and directs the pace of the movements by the rhythms played on the traditional drum. Push-ups are carried out by the members before wrestling. They rub oil over their bodies to slip out of their opponent’s clutches without difficulty.

Zoorkhaneh

Athletes of ten to twenty men stand around the arena to warm up and later perform exercises.

These exercises are very similar to eastern martial arts and are aimed to aid meditation and contemplation. Participants may be from different social backgrounds, but during the performance, the students are all taught about ethical values and courteousness under the leadership of the Morshed. Religion plays a significant role in this sacred place since the athletes who possess the ‘Seyed’ or ‘Sadat’ titles (their family tree roots back to the prophet of Islam) hold high esteem.

The Members Rank

In a Zoorkhaneh, the members progress and are ranked up by the guidance of the Morshed to the highest grade, known as the champion or Phalavan, who usually stands in the center and conducts this traditional performance. The Pahlavan is obligated to help the weak, praise his Lord and do good deeds, for he is regarded as a spiritual adept.

As mentioned, the members have different ranks based on their experience. The first grade begins after a year of participation in the House. The second grade is after three years of part taking, and the Morshed will recite a divine blessing (Salawat), meaning “peace be upon Him.” a salutation to Prophet Mohammed.

The members have different ranks based on their experience.

 

Within six years of participation, when the athlete is around the age of 18, he will receive the third grade. Upon entering the arena, the Morshed will say a Salawat for the student. Fourth-grade participants will receive their rank in 12 years of experience. The fifth is given to them after 15 years and the sixth after 18 years of involvement.

The Morshed will play the Zarb (drum) When the sixth-grade student steps inside the arena. The seventh-grade students receive the rank in 24 years. The Morshed will ring the bell while the student does the Sufi-whirling. Those who were present for 32 years will get the eighth-grade rank. The bell will cling every time this student steps in or out of the pit.

Finally, the ninth grade is the last rank where the student will attain the Pahlavan title after 45 years of practicing these unique physical exercises. This title is very rare, and only a few men possess such a high honorable rank.

Pahlevani Wrestling

An annual competition takes place in Iran known as the Pahlevani Wrestling, and the champion will earn a Bazouband which is an armband. Traditionally, the king gave the armband to the winner, but now the president of Iran has to award it. Gholamreza Takhti, one of the most popular Phalevans, is also known as Jahan Pahlevan, meaning world champion. He is a three times winner and an Olympic Gold medalist.

Zoorkhaneh Houses

Many Zoorkhaneh Houses are active in use all around the country. Here are some of the best ones to visit. Pahlavan Pour in Tehran, one of the oldest Zoorkhaneh in the capital, was established almost 100 years ago. Ali Mirza, located in Hamadan, is another great option to visit, which was initiated 200 years ago. Poolad in Shiraz was once a cistern and now an old Zoorkhaneh from 160 years ago. An additional one is situated in Tehran named Shir, which is also from around 100 years ago.

 

Most Popular Northern Dishes of Iran

The Iranian cuisine is very diverse; however, the northern dishes of Iran are exceptional for tourists. The cuisine varies from region to region. In Mazandaran province, people are fonder of seafood and spices for it is alongside the Caspian Sea, a coastal area where locals can effortlessly catch fish, and in Gilan Province, a mountainous region, indigenous herbs and veggies are used for the main course. Here are some delicious northern dishes you should try while visiting the mesmerizing places in the northern region of Iran!

 

Naz Khatoon

Naz Khatoon is an original and fancy side dish famous in the Mazandaran Province. It is a Torshi mixture made with special herbs, potatoes, and eggplants. A simple recipe that is excellent for those who enjoy sour foods. Naz Khatun contains garlic, grated onions, verjuice, condiments, cinnamon, vegetable oil, barbequed eggplants, and pomegranate paste for an additional sourness. Dried mint, angelica, basil, and fresh coriander are crushed and combined with the above ingredients to create an unforgettable taste. The mouth-watering Torshi is garnished with chopped or pickled carrots and garden-fresh coriander. The side dish is mainly accompanied by Adas Polo “rice and lentils” or Shami kebab, a mixture of beef and nuts.

Baghali Ghatogh

Baghali Ghatogh is a delicious stew made with dill, kidney beans, and eggs. The Baghali Ghatogh is also served with sticky rice known as kateh in Persian, which is very common in the Northern dishes. Fresh Garlic and seasoning such as pepper, salt, and turmeric are added to the stew for a flavorful taste. The recipe for the stew is distinct between the two Northern Provinces. In Mazandaran, Baghali Ghatogh is made with kidney beans, and in Gilan, it is cooked with cranberry beans. Nonetheless, the Gilani recipe is mostly dished out in late summer, for the beans are supplied during this month.

Baghali Ghatogh

Baghali Ghatogh is a delicious stew made with dill, kidney beans, and eggs.

 

Aghouze Messeama

If you’re looking for an extraordinary dish, make sure to try Aghouze Messeama, one of the northern dishes of Iran. Aghouze Messeama is a popular and healthy meal in Gilan Province, made with duck, pomegranate paste, and walnuts. Pomegranate seeds and walnuts are grinded and combined with the mixture of duck and the pomegranate paste, followed by salt, pepper, sugar, turmeric, fried onions, and butter or oil. The stew mixture is served with rice or torshi, which is simply pickled vegetables commonly used in Middle Eastern cuisines as a side dish. Fried Eggplants are set out by the plate as well for an extra relish. This dish is also made with goose instead of duck, depending on the different regions.

Mirza Ghassemi

Mirza Ghassemi is named after Mohammed Qasim Khan, the Northern governor of Rasht, who was the first to invent this famous traditional savory in the 19th Century. Mirza Ghassemi is served as both an appetizer and the main dish. It is a dip cooked with grilled eggplant, tomatoes, spices, and eggs and helped with rice or bread. The majority of provinces enjoy the dish with freshly baked bread. Garlic, salt, pepper, oil, or butter is mixed with the three main ingredients to make the delicious roasted eggplant dish. In some areas, grilled zucchini is used instead of eggplants to make Kadoo Ghassemi. ‘Kadoo’ is the Persian word for Zucchini. The dish can be decorated with basil, mint, or other fragrant herbs, as well as onions or sliced red radish.

Mirza Ghasemi

Mirza Ghasemi is a vegetarian meal that is very tasty and delicious.

Sirabij

Sirabij stew is a well-liked meal cooked in Gilan Province, famous for its strong garlic fragrance. The word ‘sir’ stands for garlic in Persian, referring to the main ingredient of Sirabij stew. Garlic cloves and leaves are what make this stew aromatized. It is a simple and easy dish to make, requiring boiled eggs, salt, pepper, turmeric, and oil with the cloves prepared and then fried together. Gilani women cook Sirabij with Gija Oil, also known as Gijavash, a local vegetable oil perfect for this unique stew. Sirabij is served with bread or rice, along with fish or chicken and yogurt.

Spinach Maerji

One of the most common leafy green vegetables in Northern cuisine is Spinach. A healthy and nutritious plant, recommended by many health experts. Spinach Maerji is the perfect meal for individuals with low iron and a weak immune system. Made with lentils, garlic cloves, sour pomegranate paste, spice, turmeric, salt and pepper, and animal fat or butter. The dish is accompanied by bread or kateh (sticky rice) and garnished with herbs such as basil or mint. Mazandaran province is where Spinach Maerji was first invented and is usually made by the locals as a flavorsome meal. All these delicious northern dishes of Iran will give an unforgettable taste to your trip!

 

Spinach Maerji

Spinach Maerji was first invented in Mazandaran Province.

 

Omidvar Brothers

Omidvar Brothers, First Iranian World Travelers

Imagine traveling the world on merely a bike and 90$ to spend. Only a brave soul could embark on a 10-year journey across the globe. Believe it or not, that is what the Omidvar brothers did back in 1954. Throwing their film-making gear on their bikes, they hit the road to see the most outlying people they could encounter. An extraordinary documentary of a vanished world was made of these people, cultures, and even countries that no longer exist.

Omidvar Brothers

Abdollah and Issa Omidvar, born after the Second World War, lived in the suburbs of Tehran. They have always had a taste for traveling and probing, inspired by the stories their father used to tell on the long nights of the winter. Their dream was to visit all the hidden corners of the world. In Iran, they were part of a mountaineering club with which they climbed Mount Damavand, the highest volcano in Asia. The Omidvars were not seasoned travelers, professional filmmakers, or elite members. They were two men in their early 20s who wanted to learn more about the world.

Why Traveling with Bike?

Issa participated in a speed and endurance race that ranged from Karaj to Tehran and won second place. Sometime later, he finished fourth among all the participants in a speed cycling race. Another reason that caused more motivation to travel by bicycle was the French cyclist Lionel Brans, who planned to go from Paris to Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, on a bike. He was passing through Tehran on the way and was welcomed by the mountaineers of the club. This meeting and acquaintance made Issa’s determination to travel by bicycle more.

Preparing for adventure

Issa decided to go on a motorbike trip to the west. He crossed the border of Iran to travel to Turkey, Syria, and Iraq. This four-month journey was exhausting with graveled and dangerous roads. Yet, he was welcomed by the people and finished his 4-month adventure. Meanwhile, his brother Abdollah was exploring southern Iran by bicycle with his friend. The Omidvars’ determination and gentle approach – outlined in their motto attached to their bikes, “All different, all relative” – was the perfect motive for their journey.

 

Omivar BRothers

Omidvar brothers on their journey with their bikes

 

Start of an Endless Journey

The first journey of the Omidvar brothers took seven years, passing through Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India and traveling to Tibet, Southeast Asia, and Australia. After crossing the Pacific Ocean, they traveled to Alaska, North America, and South America. Finally, they arrived in Europe after crossing the Atlantic Ocean. After a brief trip home, a new round of adventure in a 2CV begins. They drove through Africa, managing to get the vehicle through the Congo and the challenging barrier of the Ituri forest.

Omidvar Brothers Documentary

During their trips to different parts of the world, the Omidvar brothers filmed their observations. They launched the documentary they made on various networks around the world. This documentary includes the life and adventures of these two brothers. They had to hang around the Africans, live alongside primitive and dangerous Amazonian tribes, and eat raw animal meat with the Eskimos. And when you ask them about the hardships of their journey, they say: travel makes a person resistant, and the more a person deals with problems, the more resistant he becomes.

Omidvar Brothers Museum

When their journey ended, Abdollah settled in Chile, founding a successful film company, and Issa returned to Iran as a celebrity. Then, in Tehran, in an 18th-century Pahlavi palace, he constructed a museum to house all the artifacts he and his brother had collected. Visiting artifacts, such as a real severed human head, monkey skulls, and elephant tusks will absolutely amaze you. It’s a place very much worth a visit. If you traveled to Iran, make sure to visit Omidvars museums to learn more about the adventures of these two world travelers.

Omidvar Brothers Book

This is the Omidvar Brothers travelogue. There is also an English version of this book available. If interested, you can order the book from their website http://www.omidvarbrothers.ir. You can learn anything and everything there is to know about their journey by reading this book. In the book, you will find pictures, maps, and memories of the brothers written in the book; these will fascinate you, as these can only be found in Omidvar Brothers Travelogue.

Omidvar brothers

Omidvar Brothers: In Search of the World’s Most Primitive Tribes from 1954 to 1964.

The End of Omidvar Journey

According to the announcement of the Lamunda Cultural Center in Santiago, Chile, Abdollah Omidvar died on July 15, 2022, at the age of 89 in Chile. Abdollah Omidvar (1932-2022), a producer, filmmaker, and, most of all, the first Iranian adventurer who traveled to more than 100 countries and made up to 120 documentaries, is truly an icon in the hearts of Iranians.

 

Persian-Carpet

Persian carpet, antique and luxurious

From ancient times, Iranian people have used hand-woven carpets to change their homes from a dull house to a beautiful one. When it comes to carpets, everybody knows about those masterpieces woven by the artistic hands of the Iranians. The Persian Carpet is that magical element that can turn every house into a mansion. People adore Persian carpets for their complicated designs, splendid colors, and incomparable art. If you want to know more about the Persian Carpets lying in the heart of every Iranian house, keep reading!

The history of the Persian carpet

Before the art of carpet weaving thrived in today’s society, people used animal skins as a mat and a cover to protect themselves from the cold and wet environment to bring comfort and convenience to their families. As time passed and experiences were exchanged, weaving flourished, which is now developing and evolving in its present form. Carpet weaving began in Persia approximately 2,500 years ago as an art. The Pazyryk rug, which is the oldest carpet found on Earth, dates back to the 5th century BC. The patterns used in this carpet have been attributed to the Achaemenian Empire and the Iranians in those times. The density and quality of knots used in this carpet are still unique and impressive to many artists.
The Iranian carpet began to develop into traditional patterns over time and became a work of art, led to the development of carpet weaving as a form of art. Today, Iran is considered among the several great pioneers in Persian carpet.

Persian-Carpet

The structure of the Persian Carpets

Iranian carpets are usually made of a mixture of wool and cotton. You can also find regions like Hamadan and Kurdistan that use camel hair for weaving carpets. Silk is also frequently used to make finely knotted ones in regions such as Qom and Tabriz, which are very popular among carpet lovers. Iranian original rugs are traditionally hand-knotted and consist of strings of warp and thousands of knots constituting the carpet’s weft. Many have floral designs with roaming tendrils and come in a wide variety of colors. Other valued Persian motifs include bold medallions, spandrels, repeating arabesques, borders often utilizing repeated Herati patterns of flowers, animals, or human figures. Every region of Iran has its own unique design, motifs, and even colors. We will try to introduce the most outstanding Iranian carpets.

Tabriz Carpet

One of the unique handicrafts in Tabriz is carpet weaving, which has world reputation. Carpet weaving in Tabriz started before the Safavid era and is still one of the oldest and most famous centers of hand-woven carpet weaving in the world. Unsurprisingly, it is still famous among foreign traders today. Tabriz carpets have been able to attract countless fans by using new colors and designs. In general, the layout and colors of Tabriz carpets have a great variety. One of the designs of Tabriz carpets, which has been very popular in both the past and today, is a four-season carpet that has many details and depicts the life of farmers through the seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter.

Isfahan Carpet

The gorgeous city of Isfahan has many tourist attractions and magnificent architecture, so it is no wonder it is one of the most visited cities by tourists in Iran. In Isfahan, which is the main center of handicrafts in Iran, in addition to many works of art, unique carpets can be considered as souvenirs. Isfahan’s carpet designs are inspired by the magnificent architecture of the entire city. From city palaces and gardens to the tiles of the mosques. Other patterns, such as pictorial designs, human sketches and animal motifs, can also be seen in their works. The density of the knot is very high, and its thickness is low, so they are considered high quality and exquisite carpets.

Yazd Carpet

From the early 1930s, Kermani merchants began to produce Yazdi carpets for sale in the European and American markets. Yazd handmade carpets and rugs are very high quality and are highly durable; so many people would like to buy them. Yazdi carpets have elastic and bergamot designs and often an invariant background and free margins and sometimes designs imitating Kashan carpets. The main popular characteristic of Yazd’s handmade carpets is the traditional design, the bergamot centered in the middle of the carpet. You can rarely find a Yazdi carpet with small bergamots scattered all over the carpet.

Nain Carpet

This carpet is made of fluff instead of wool, and it is known for its short pile and light and matte background colors with bergamot designs. Typically, Nain carpets are dyed red, blue, or beige on the surface. The resemblance of Nain rugs to the nearby city of Isfahan is undeniable. High knot density and fineness in texture can vividly be seen in this region’s carpets. A typical carpet design in Nain city is a medallion design in the center of the rug along with Islamic motifs or flower designs. Remarkably, fine Nain rugs are made entirely of silk. Obviously, these silk carpets have higher prices than those made of wool.
As you can see, it is no surprise that the Iranian carpet has earned a worldwide reputation. If you are interested in art and handicraft, particularly the art of carpets, Iran Doostan offers some tours where you will get the opportunity to meet the nomads and how they make carpets.

Ali Vaghefi interview on international tourists in Iran

International tourists in Iran are turning to experimental and eco-tourism

Iran Doostan tour CEO, Mohammad Ali Ashraf Vaghefi, had an interview with ILNA News recently about the state of tourism and incoming tours to Iran. In his interview Mr. Vaghefi said; fortunately, we have witnessed a noticeable demand from international tourists in Iran since Iran has started to grant visa to international tourists. However, there has been a decline in requests due to the spread of the Omicron variant and the negative news in this regard.

He continued: “A number of tourists have canceled their trip to Iran and postponed it to another time.” He added, there have been groups of tourists who wanted to come, but had to cancel their trip because of the positive COVID test of some members of the group. Therefore, the arrival of international tourists to Iran has slowed down to some extent and most of them have postponed their travel to mid-April. Fortunately, there are a good number of tour reservations for May and June.
Mr. Vaghefi emphasized that although it is said that we expect more tours after Nowruz, there is still a long way to reach the number of tourists we had before the Covid 19 outbreak. There will be no large group of tourists in Iran, like 20 to 30. Instead, we expect smaller groups of 5 to 15 people.

Mr. Vaghefi stated that most of the tourists who intend to travel to Iran are from European countries, and there is a higher demand in the European market. In the meanwhile, the requests are mainly targeting classic cultural destinations in Iran. However, there seems to be a change in the demands, in a way that more international tourists are seeking experimental tourism and eco-tourism in Iran. He highlighted that middle-aged tourists are still the dominant group traveling to Iran, yet with a different taste regarding their favorite destinations and type of experience. As mentioned before, we are witnessing more tourists with a preference towards experimental and nature tourism.

Regarding the recent changes in the price of tours in Iran, Mr. Vaghefi said: “Considering the inflation in Iran’s economy, we are witnessing an increase in prices in various sectors, including accommodation and food, and the exchange rate has also increased significantly. Therefore, tour operators are allowed to increase their package prices up to 4-5 per cent, which is quite common around the world. Considering the unreasonable increase in prices in the past years which was mostly objected by our international partners, this is considered a positive change.

Nowruz 1401

Persian life will get exciting soon with the scent of Nowruz 1401

As early sprouts appear in nature, and there is a floral scent spread in the atmosphere, life gets surprisingly lively in Iran. Persian New Year starts exactly with the coming of spring, which makes it quite special and inspiring. Around two weeks prior to Nowruz, Iranians welcome the New Year with outstanding cultural rituals and traditions. There is an extraordinary hustle and bustle in the streets, and you will find every one shopping around. The bazaars offer an amazing atmosphere during this time that people barely would like to miss, even if they intend to do no shopping!
Nowruz is considered the best time to travel to Iran, as travelers will be lucky enough to enjoy the beauty of nature in spring, the positive atmosphere of the society, and cultural traditions all at the same time. So. you may like to consider traveling to Iran for Nowruz 1401 .
There are many beautiful traditions connected with Nowruz, including cleaning the house to bring more positivity in oneself, shopping, setting Haft-sin table (a table with seven main elements each symbolizing something), and visiting friends and relatives. The first two weeks are considered holidays providing a good opportunity for having more get togethers; a ritual which was mostly forgotten during the past two years due to the pandemic, and we hope to revitalize it with cautious this year.
This year, Nowruz 1401 coincides with another event, the beginning of the century! We all hope the new century brings more peace to the whole world. Happy Persian New Year 1401!
In this video about Nowruz, we have tried to share some of our rituals.

 

sepandarmazgan

Sepandarmazgan; the day of love in ancient Iran

The life of the Iranian people has always been associated with celebration and happiness. They celebrated on different occasions and believed in living happily. Of course, there are days that belong to the distant past and receive less attention today. One of these days is Sepandarmazgan, the day of love in ancient Iran.

The story behind Sepandarmazgan

In ancient Iran, twenty centuries before the birth of Christ, a day was dedicated to love which was called Sepandarmazgan. This day was celebrated in the old Iranian calendar on March 26. However, in the new calendar, this celebration is held on February 18. The number of days in each month was thirty days, and all the months and days had their own special names. The fifth day of Esfand was called “Sepandar Maz”. So, the occasion is a celebration with this name. Sepandarmazgan is celebration of the earth, as a symbol of femininity, and also respect for love, both of which are complementary and inseparable according to the Iranian culture.

How is Sepandarmazgan celebrated?

This day was a glorious day for both men and women. They love, thank, and appreciate each other on this day. Women give gifts and flowers in respect and love for their husbands or partners. In return for this love, their husbands place them on the throne, give gifts, and they try to listen to them and fulfill their wishes. Therefore, Sepandarmazgan is also the commemoration day of women in ancient Iran. This was considered a flip for men to know and respect the value of their mother and wife. These celebrations lasted for a long time so that men would continue to respect women throughout their lives. According to the surviving documents of the past, Abu Rihan al-Biruni stated that people used to do various things on this day, including magic rituals, to eliminate evil spirits.

Do Iranians celebrate Valentine’s Day?

People think that the day of love is an international day marked as Valentine’s Day, and we have borrowed this day from the Europeans. Unfortunately, today many Iranian teenagers are fascinated by Western culture and celebrate Valentine’s Day. However, there are still young groups of people who think it is not too late to change things and so, they do care for Sepandarmazgan Day as the Iranian love day. Hopefully, they can keep the Iranian culture alive.

This video is an inspiration for celebrating Sepandarmazgan (the day of Love) in Iran.

 

Iranian-tribe's-clothing

Iranian Tribes’ Clothing

Clothing is one of the things that changes over time for various reasons, particularly traditional clothing. But some rural’s and nomad’s clothes remain unchanged, and local people wear the local costume of their village. One of the most beautiful cultural attractions of any city is its local clothing. As a rich-cultural land, Iranian tribes’ clothing is quite rich and diverse, every region has its own costume that will be explained in this article.

Qashqai Clothing

Qashqai tribe is one of the Iranian tribes that live in Fars province. The most important moral characteristics of Qashqai men and women are simplicity and purity, perseverance, and courage. Happiness and vitality are prominent features of the Qashqai people, the effect of which can be seen in the clothes of these people. So, most of them are colorful and have unique and beautiful designs. One of the positive features of Qashqai women’s local clothes is that they protect their bodies from cold and heat. Anyone can buy these clothes according to their budget. Also, men’s original Qashqai clothes have a special beauty and will not bother their mobility. Nomadic women use a fabric called Charqad to cover their hair. This fabric, which acts as a scarf, is very delicate and has rare designs. All Qashqai men should always wear a hat, double-edged made of felt.

Bakhtiari

Bakhtiari tribe has one of the most original and beautiful Iranian tribes’ clothing. Their clothes correspond to their lifestyle and type of activity. Bakhtiari women’s local clothes have a significant variety and differ in the type of fabric, sewing, and decorations. They wear colorful clothes with various designs in daily life, migration, parties, and weddings. Beaded and sequined embroidery of Bakhtiari clothes shows the great taste and skill of Bakhtiari people in sewing clothes. Whether in weddings or mourning ceremonies, men’s clothes are Chogha and Tonban and hats, and only the shirt under the Chogha differs in color. Each dress may represent a specific stratum because of an acquisition of social status based on clothing. Wealthy Bakhtiari people wear long fluffy hats called Khosravi hats and Chogha Kiarasi, but cheap and raw materials are used for the lower classes of society.

Iranian tribes' clothing

Bakhtiari tribe has one of the most original and beautiful Iranian tribes’ clothing.

Turkman

Turkman clothing is usually made of silk, leather, linen, and cotton. Turkman women are responsible for raising silkworms and preparing cocoons and dyeing them with natural dyes such as seeds and bark of pomegranate, indigo, and other desert plants. Turkman men’s clothing consists of parts such as trousers, hats, and shoes. Traditional trousers are of two types: Balaq or Tonban, which is a loose cotton Tonban, and Jolbar which are often worn by older men at festivals. Turkman women have four types of clothing, including home clothes, work clothes that are commonly used for baking bread and agricultural work, city clothes for leaving the house, and formal clothes for attending parties. It is interesting to know that hat is another type of clothing that is usually used after marriage as a sign of being married.

Kurdish

Kurdish men’s and women’s clothes are beautiful and available in various colors and are made of different parts and high-quality material. They have special etiquettes in covering and even wearing a scarf or shawl. You can find out the social class and the level of family finances according to the color, shape, material, and ornaments. Kurdish women’s clothing has beautiful decorations that can not be found in men’s clothing. They are based on various popular beliefs. They are mostly made of silk, velvet, and satin, which are decorated with sequins, stone, tapestry, and beads. Kurdish women tie shawls around their waists. These shawls come in a variety of colors and are woven from a beautiful fabric that is sometimes ribbon-shaped and sometimes square. Kurdish men’s clothing is often loose to make it easy to walk through mountains and difficult routes. The color, design, and model of each dress are different according to the weather and its use in work or ceremonies, and celebrations. Men’s clothing is much simpler than women’s clothing and is usually made of one color like brown, blue, or gray.

Kurdish clothing

Kurdish women tie shawls around their waists.

Azeri

Clothing for the people of Azerbaijan is not just simple clothing but also tells a thousand points about the ancient history and culture of the people of this region. The abundance of raw materials in this ancient land has led to developing weaving with wool and silk. Women are more interested in silk or velvet clothes, and men often wear woolen fabrics. Young girls’ clothes have bright and cheerful colors decorated with jewelry, but older women wear clothes with soft colors and little embellishments. Of course, in aristocratic and wealthy families, most clothes, including Bork and vest are more decorated with coins. In the past, the clothes of most Azeri men were made of white shirts with sleeves and a round collar, but after 1314, their clothing gradually changed a lot.

Balooch

Balooch clothes are from original Iranian tribe’s clothing, which give you a poetic feel. Balooch needlework is a delicate and long-standing art. The designs are exclusively geometric, which arise from the combination of lines and shapes. They are divided into several categories: plant motifs, cosmic motifs, and animal motifs. The clothing of Balooch men and women is simple and at the same time, beautiful and suitable for the hot climate of Baloochistan. Balooch men’s clothing usually includes a long shirt and baggy pants. the unique art of needlework is used in sewing and decorating women’s clothes, which is displayed on the chest, sleeves, and the edges of the pants. Interestingly, what completes the beauty of Balooch women’s clothing is jewelry ornaments, which is also one of the traditional and original arts of the region. Balooch women attach great importance to jewelry.

Adventure-tours-to-Iran

Adventure Tours to Iran

Over 30 years of experience providing some of the best adventure tours to Iran and planning the best qualified itineraries has made Iran Doostan Tours the expert leading tour operator in the country. Whatever you desire, whether it’s skiing, trekking, climbing, biking, canyoning, bird watching or meeting nomads, we provide you. It’s your willingness to present yourself at the wilderness and to live inside a moment of adventure that creates the exotic nature experience that gives your life expectations. Just bring your spirit of adventure and our professional guides will take care of the rest.

Take nothing but pictures, Leave nothing but footprints, Kill nothing but time.

Green Carbon Free Foot Print

Mountain Biking

We provide some of the most amazing single to multi-day mountain biking in Iran and combinational multi-activity guided tours both on and off the road. We have a wide range of routes and trails available to supply for any ability. The routes are available in forest, desert, hillsides and mountain trails.

While you pass through scenic slopes of Alborz and Zagros mountains the nomad people welcome you with their traditional lifestyle and along your quite green ride through desert and forest you will enjoy the nature and feel the extra love that mother earth sends to bikers. We supply top range bikes and safety equipment to all of our customers.

Alborz and Zagros mountain biking, Iran

Trekking & Hiking

Iran’s mountains offer a great variety of scenery in the rocky gorges with sheer cliffs, valleys with rich orchards, alpine pastures covered with wild flowers, snow-capped summits and lush forests. We provide affordable and sustainable Trekking and Hiking tours across the mountain ranges of Iran that are beneficial to locals based on ecotourism principles.

Meeting nomads and hospitable people to explore their customs and traditions inspires you to go after your dreams and expand the horizons of your soul.

Don’t watch your head, Watch your soul!

Adventure Tours to Iran - Trekking

Iran Doostan provides you affordable and sustainable Trekking and Hiking tours across the mountain ranges of Iran.

Adrenaline Adventures

Canyoning

From northern forests to central and west mountains of Iran there are great  canyons with or without water flow. We provide fully guided canyoning tours to Iran on all levels that make your adrenaline rush. Whether you are experienced canyoner or not, our guides will support you entire the canyon route. All tours include canyoning equipment and gears.

Water Adventures

The Persian Gulf in the South, Caspian Sea in the North and wild rivers in Alborz and Zagros mountains are great places for water adventures in Iran.
The wide range of our water adventure tours include Whitewater rafting, Kayaking, River trekking, Scuba diving, Snorkeling and Water skiing. Our rafting tours are guided by world class whitewater guides and supported by safety kayaks.

Caving & Spelunking

There are more than hundred caves fully explored and to be explored that make us to provide incredible guided caving tours in Iran. Half day to multi-days tours are available with various levels from easy to advanced technical caving also for pitch dark crawlers and spirits who enjoy cave expedition and spelunking there are many unexplored routes in new-found caves.
We provide safety, protective and support gears. Our expert trained guides will teach you techniques if you are eager for underground world.

Alisadr water cave, Iran

Alisadr water cave, Iran

Wildlife Watching & Photography

Iran is country of four seasons with special biodiversity due to climatic conditions and vast central desert surrounded with high altitude mountains. We offer guided tours to watch wildlife and visit the natural scenic beauties of protected areas including National parks and Wildlife refuges.

The wide range of our wildlife services includes Birdwatching, Butterfly watching, Desert wildlife and special expert guided tours exclusively designed for researchers and scientists.

Our wildlife photography tours are managed by experienced wildlife photographers to achieve the targets with high success factor.

UNESCO Creative Cities Network

Iranian cities among the UNESCO Creative Cities Network

You are probably familiar with the UNESCO World Heritage List. According to its criteria and standards, UNESCO registers tangible and intangible works to protect those valuable works. Since 2004, UNESCO has launched the Creative City Network to promote inter-city cooperation. The member cities of this network work together to achieve their common goal. Their common goal is to put creativity and cultural industries at the center of local development programs and international cooperation. The UNESCO Creative Cities Network covers seven creative areas: handicrafts, indigenous arts, media arts, film, design, food, literature, and music. These cities are committed to sharing their positive activities and building cooperation between the public and private sectors and civil society. To date, Iran has registered three cities as creative cities in UNESCO. In the following, each city is explained separately.

Rasht, City of Gastronomy

You can get easily get confused in choosing food while going to the good local restaurants in Rasht. There are variety of local dish each has its unique taste. This variety of foods has listed Rasht as a city of Gastronomy in UNESCO in 2015. One of the reasons for this decision is the creative combination of local and seasonal food with the local culture of the region. Rasht cuisine has been passed down from generation to generation not only in old recipes but also in cooking methods and the proper use of utensils. Therefore, in Rasht, as a creative city, we are faced with unique food culture. The membership in the creative cities network makes a potential link between tourism, economic development, and gastronomy for Rasht.

Rasht Cuisine

A special type of Kebab cooked in Rasht, Iran.

Bandar Abbas, City of Crafts

Although, in Bandar Abbas, there are various cultural features such as seafood, folk music, handicrafts, and indigenous arts, handicrafts have become more important due to their antiquity. As a feature of this creative city, handicraft was registered in UNESCO in 2018. Bandar Abbas handicrafts include three sections include: functional handicrafts, local clothes, and local musical instruments. Bandar Abbas handicrafts are a significant part of the country’s economy and an opportunity to generate income at the local and national level, and later generations can develop it in the future. Being selected among the UNESCO Creative Cities Network will make Bandar Abbas more valuable, and hopefully there will be more tourists traveling to this city. The traditional bazaars and the men and women who wear traditional clothes and produce handicrafts in this area are so attractive that it fascinates every tourist.

UNESCO Creative Cities Network

Typical handicrafts in Bandar Abbas.

Sanandaj, City of music

You may think the city of music would be a great compliment! Sanandaj, as the second-largest Kurdish city in Iran, is well recognized for its music. Many great musicians have been introduced to the world by this city.

A Kurdish woman playing Daf.

In Sanandaj, the Daf is introduced as a national musical instrument. Due to the importance of music in this city, it was registered as a creative city of music by UNESCO in 2108 to provide a way to develop this special style of music. Playing Daf in various ceremonies in the Khosro Abad mansion is one of the beautiful examples of music in this city that attracts many tourists every year.