Yalda Night, Iranian celebration of the longest night of the year

The story behind Yalda Night

Shab-e-Yalda (Yalda Night) also known as Shab-e Chelleh is one of the most ancient Persian festivals annually celebrated on December 21 by Iranians all around the world. Yalda is a winter solstice celebration; it is the last night of autumn and the longest night of the year. Since days get longer and nights get shorter in winter, Iranians celebrate the last night of autumn as the renewal of the sun and the victory of light over darkness.  On Shab-e-Yalda, people gather in groups of friends or relatives usually at the home of grandparents or the elderly to pass the longest night of the year happily by eating nuts and fruits, reading Hafiz poems, making good wishes, and talking and laughing all together to give a warm welcome to winter, and a felicitous farewell to autumn.

What is the meaning of Yalda?

Yalda means “birth”, and Yalda night refers to the longest night of the year or winter solstice. Ancient Iranians believed that this night coincides with the birth of Mitra or Mehr, the mythological goddess of light in ancient Persia.

How is this night celebrated in Iran?

Eating is a delicious part of Yalda Night. Iranians eat nuts, watermelons, and pomegranates on this special night and share the last remaining fruits from summer together. Fruits of Shab-e-Yalda have symbolic significance as well. Some believe that watermelon symbolizes the sun by its spherical shape while others believe that eating watermelon keeps one safe from being hurt by winter diseases. Pomegranate is also a symbol of birth and its bright red seeds symbolize the glow of life.

Yalda Night, Iranian celebration of longest night of year             Yalda Night is an ancient Persian festival annually celebrated by Iranians /photo by Arash Moeini

Reading poems from Divan-e-Hafiz (Fal-e Hafiz) is an entertaining tradition of Yalda Night. Each of the members of a family or a group of friends makes a wish-while keeping it a secret- and randomly opens the book; then the eldest member of the family or friends reads the randomly selected poem loudly. Since the poem is believed to be the interpretation of the wish and the way it would come true, it is fun to interpret the poem and guess the wishes others make. In this way, the last and the longest night of autumn comes to an end happily and the first great day of winter begins.

Shab-e-Yalda and its traditions are so amusing and interesting that it was officially added to Iran’s List of National Treasures in 2008. Yalda Night is also celebrated in countries such as Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and in some of the Caucasian states such as Azerbaijan and Armenia whilst they share the same traditions as well.

If you are planning to travel to Iran, here is the link to online Iran visa.

What countries celebrate Yalda Night?

Except Iran, Yalda Nights or winter solstice is celebrated in some other countries, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, East Asia, Scotland, Africa, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, and Russia with different rituals, foods and traditions.

This video shares the atmosphere of Yalda at Iran Doostan. Happy Yalda!

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