Cattle – raising & Tribal structure of the society are both attributed to migratory way of life, yet these are not the only characteristics. The only factors distinguishing them from sedentary communities are the seasonal migrations & lack of specific village settlement. unfortunately we don’t have sufficient information regarding the nomadic tribes in Iran before Islam. In the Islamic era, Iranian tribes consisted of Kurds, Lurs, Baluchis, Arabs, Turks & the barahuis. This style of living gained importance in Seljuk period (11th- 14th century).
Migratory Iranian tribes mainly live along the Zagros mountain range and in West & East Azarbaijan in the western part of Iran as well as in Kermanshahan, Khuzestan, Lurestan, Ilam and chahar – Mahal -o- Bakhtiyari, Kohkiluyeh and Boyer – Ahmad , Fars, Khorassan, Sistan & Baluchistan, Semnan & the central region of Iran.
The 1988 census reveals 94 tribes & 547 independent Clans of division with a total population of 1152099.
The hierarchy of divisions in nomad tribes in Iran , for example among Qashqaies are as follows: Tribes are usually divided into a few clans. Clans in turn consist of a few sects which are further divided into “Bonkus” consisting of a few families called “obehs”. Bonkus can also be divided into smaller cattle – raining cooperatives called Baillehs. The tribes as a whole can function in harmony to stage wars, ensure security, divide posture lands, raise cattle & move.
Handicrafts, well – known in the world have an important role in the economy of the tribal family. Meat & dairy products constitute their main economic activities. Tribes often define their group & clans in terms of tents. “Tent” denotes the word “home”.
Marriage is based on a cast system. Iranian tribes are the followers of both suni and Shiite sects and “Ali – Allahis” also constitute a small minority. Depending on their ethnic background, Iranian tribes speak Persian, Kurdish, Turkish and Arabic.
Iran is among the top ten producers of the world’s horticultural products and ranks 3rd regarding diversity of produce.
Iran is a country with climatic diversification, and as a result almost all kinds of temperature, tropical and subtropical fruits are produced in this country in different seasons.
Currently, the total production of horticultural products roughly amounts to 10 million tons annually.The major Iranian horticultural exports being on the top of the list of the world market as far as the total exports is concerned are respectively: Pistachio nuts, dates, saffron, raisins, apple, lemon, orange and grape .
In addition to enjoying the nature, beautiful scenery and historical sits in Iran you could enjoy the seasonal fresh fruit such as watermelon, tangerine & orange, which come to your hands straight from the farms, dry fruits and nuts throughout all seasons and a variety of traditional Iranian cuisine in our high quality restaurants. You could taste the most mouth- watering fruits & food in our ancient country.