Iran is among the most professional oriental rug producer countries known as “rug belt”. The most famous and oldest carpet of the world, Pazyryk, woven on 400 BC in Persia, proves the brilliant background of the Iranian art of carpet weaving. The world’s largest handwoven carpet has been knotted in Tabriz by 230 weavers in 2019 which has been a new Guinness record for Iranian artists. The highest quality wool and handwoven silk rugs are still produced in traditional Iranian carpet weaving workshops in Qom, Kashan, and Tabriz. As differentiating the various qualities of carpets for novices can be somehow confusing It would be wise to get familiar with the vast variety of Persian hand-woven textiles before choosing one to buy.
Different types of Persian carpet
- Tabriz carpets: Raw materials used in Tabriz carpets are usually wool and silk. Tabriz carpet has been known for its huge diversity of designs (medallion, Herati/Mahi, to figural, pictorial and so on) in addition to preserving the highest technical standards. This type of Persian carpet is usually woven in large sizes with Turkish knot.
- Naein carpets:
Are woven in hundred villages around Naein. Traditional Naein carpets reminds of nomadic textiles, while the modern versions have more Very fine and precise designs due to the high quality of the workshops in the area. Most Naein carpets are having a knot density of between 300 to 700 knots per inch of Persian knot. The foundation of Naein carpet is usually cotton with a very soft wool or wool & silk pile, dyed with natural colors.
- Qom carpets: ً There is no wonder that the “Fine” word is always coming after the “Qom carpet” this exquisite carpet, called silk flower is woven by fine silk yarns with precise patterns. Qom carpet is the most colorful Persian carpet for sure. Despite the short history of Qom carpet, it can be called without exaggeration the most elegant and exquisite Iranian carpet.
- Qashqai carpets: Tribal rugs of Qashqai are the touchable mental pictures of nomad women. These wool rugs owe their spontaneity and aliveness to being imaginary woven, without any pattern. the Qashqai weavers dissamble the simple story of their lives, mostly nature and animal pictures in their textiles.
- knot density
There are many factors to measure the quality of a carpet, the most important among all is knot density. That is to say, the number of knots per unit of the surface area determines the quality. The most common units of knot density in Iran are KPSC(Knot Per Square Centimeter) KPSI(Knot Per Square Inch) KPSM(Knot Per Square meter), the higher density of knots is in proportional to the price. As a clarification, the poor quality Persian carpets are woven with less than 120 KPSI and the high-quality one is woven with a density of higher than 330 KPSI.
The finest Persian carpet material consists of the golden, silver and silk fibers. The gold and silver are used only in very special cases suchlike royal carpets, but the more comment material, the silk fiber allows more knots per square and makes the pattern look more precise. Although silk gives a beautiful appearance to the carpet, it cant be compared with the wool in terms of the strengthen.
Oriental rugs usually come in relatively standard sizes. Carpets with more than 6-meter square sizes are called ” Ghali” in Persian. Ghali comes in a rectangular shape and particular sizes, most products are 3*4 sqm/ 2*3 sqm and the less common size is 5*7 sqm. no need to say the bigger the carpet size is, the higher the price would be.