wetlands in Iran

Wetlands in Iran: A complete guide for bird watching and adventure

Have you ever been to a beautiful lake with wonderful landscapes where countless migratory birds surround you? It may seem like a dream at first sight, but this dream would come true when you visit wetlands in Iran. Iran Wetlands are uniquely rich ecosystems where tourists can experience an unforgettable visit. Stay with us to know more about the most outstanding wetlands in Iran.

MianKaleh wetland

MianKaleh is not simply a wetland in Iran, but it is also a wildlife sanctuary and an internationally important wetland in the north of Iran. It is the first internationally registered wetland in Iran, which is quite rich in terms of biological, historical, economic, educational, and recreational aspects. Some parts of this wetland have been entirely protected from urban development and human touch, so the ecosystem is considered an invaluable one that hosts rare Iran wildlife and botanical species. The region is particularly well-known as the best bird-watching spot in Iran. Except for spring and summer, when the number and diversity of the birds dwindle in the region, birds such as ducks, pelicans, flamingos, and many other species can be seen during other times of the year, especially in autumn, when migration reaches its peak.
The presence of the birds accompanies their main source of nutrition in the area, the aquatic creatures, especially fish which can be very attractive to those interested in fishing. Unique vegetation, meadows, and pomegranate gardens of the region are among the unique features that can be found only in this part of the world.

wetlands in Iran - Miankale

MianKaleh is not simply a wetland in Iran, but it is also a wildlife sanctuary.

Lake Urmia

Lake Urmia is the largest lake in Iran, located on the border between the provinces of West and East Azerbaijan and in northwestern Iran. This shallow and salty lake with its islands, satellite wetlands, and coastal salt marshes have formed a valuable ecosystem with natural and ecological features which is of great international importance.
There are about 56 small islands here receiving the largest breeding population of flamingos (over 20,000 pairs) and around 200 to 500 pairs of white pelicans. In addition, 11 species of waterfowl and two endangered species of mammals have been recorded in this area which has made it a hot spot for many adventurers, bird-watchers, and environmentalists around the world. You will need official permission from the environmental organization to visit the area, however, it would be a memorable trip for any nature and adventure lover to see the spectacular communities of waterfowl and migratory birds and experience the coastal Algae of Lake Urmia with its well-known healing features.
Lake Urmia offers beauty and charm in every season and you can decide on your own when to travel, but it would be useful to know that Urmia experiences its hottest time of the year during August and its coldest time between January 20 and February 20.


Lake Urmia offers beauty and charm in every season.

Zrebar Lake

This wetland which is practically a great lake with freshwater shines like a diamond among the oak forests of Zagros in the west of Iran. It is surrounded by eye-catching natural landscapes such as mountains, and natural springs. Therefore, it is not surprising that the lake attracts a great number of tourists particularly mountain lovers and those who are into fishing. It is also considered an outstanding natural attraction in Kurdistan province since it is home to many rare species of Iran wildlife including fish, and mammals, The surface of the water will be covered with a special white Lily which is a wonderful botanical attraction of the area.
Zrebar Lake experiences extremely cold winters and the water surface freezes during this season; however, the region enjoys gorgeous sceneries during spring and summer.

Zrebar-lake-wetlands in Iran

Wetlands in Iran: Arebar Lake, Kurdistan

Hooralazim wetland

Located on the border of Iran and Iraq, the Hooralazim wetland is a vast wetland that is the habitat of many significant plants and animal species with Buffalo being the most outstanding one. But Buffalo is not the only species, mammals, fish, and migratory birds living in the area have created fascinating scenery for tourists and nature lovers. The best time to visit the Hooralazim wetland is fall and winter, during which migratory birds will arrive at the wetland and you can see loads of wildlife lovers, photographers, and bird watchers in the area.

Anzali Wetland

Anzali Wetland is considered a large source of fresh water surrounded by a number of local villages with a mild climate and annual precipitation of 2000 mm. This unique climatic condition has brought about unique biodiversity in the region. About 150 species of birds, 43 species of fish, dozens of mammals, amphibians, and reptiles, and more than 100 species of herbaceous plants have been registered in the area.
The best time to visit this amazing wetland is during July, August, and September due to the ideal temperature of the weather and also water which makes this time perfect for the presence of rare native and migratory birds, both in the lagoon itself and in the surrounding villages.


More than 100 species of herbaceous plants have been registered in Anzali wetlands.

Gomishan wetland

On the far northeast of Iran in Gorgan province, the Gomishan wetland is an important and valuable wildlife site for the protection of birds, aquatic species, and plants due to its rich diversity of aquatic living creatures.
Gomishan is one of the favorite wetlands for migratory birds rich in genetic resources. The unique ecosystem of Gomishan, including more than 20 species of fish and 100 species of birds, are among the attractions of this wetland. The wetland is also home to some of the rare animal species in the world during fall and winter.

0 replies

Leave a Reply

Want to join the discussion?
Feel free to contribute!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *